Nearly 1,200 institutionalized people with brain injuries will have the opportunity to move out of nursing facilities and into community residences over the next six years under an Amended Agreement jointly proposed by state officials and attorneys for the plaintiffs. The Joint Motion, filed on June 20, 2013, summarizes the key terms of the Amended Agreement, including the delivery of community-based services under the Commonwealth’s Money Follows the Person Demonstration and an enhanced education and outreach program to ensure class members are aware of opportunities to leave institutional settings and reside in the community. The Court has approved a Notice to the Class concerning the Amended Agreement,
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by an external force after birth. Common causes of a traumatic brain injury include gunshot wounds, motor vehicle crashes, assaults, or falling and striking your head.
An acquired brain injury (ABI) includes all types of traumatic brain injuries and also brain injuries caused after birth by cerebral vascular accidents (commonly known as stroke), and loss of oxygen to the brain (hypoxic brain injury).
Injuries to the brain that are present at birth or progressive in nature, such as Alzheimers disease or Parkinson's are not considered a traumatic or acquired brain injury.
The official definitions of these terms as adopted by the Brain Injury Association are below.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Traumatic Brain Injury is defined as an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force.
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
An acquired brain injury is an injury to the brain, which is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. An acquired brain injury is an injury to the brain that has occurred after birth.