JOBS AND HOUSING FOR ADULTS WITH ASD
Rocky Road: The Career Paths of People with Autism and Their Parents
What happens to your career when you or your child has autism? Find out what research says about the effect of autism on job histories – and how some parents and adults with ASD have responded to the challenge.
A Place of Their Own: Residential Services for Soon-to-Be Adults with Autism
An unprecedented number of families will soon watch their children with autism leave school and flood the adult disability system. These children, the first wave of the so-called "autism epidemic," will enter a disability support system already under strain, according to a journal paper co-authored by Peter F. Gerhardt, Ed.D.,chair of the Organization for Autism Research's Scientific Council. The influx represents a "looming crisis of unprecedented magnitude for adults with autism, their families, and the ill-prepared and underfunded adult service system charged with meeting their needs," the paper said. Many adults with disabilities are already on long waiting lists for housing services.
The Changing Employment Scene for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Despite the challenges of finding and sustaining employment, transition services and better workplace supports are opening up more job opportunities for those on the spectrum. Advocates also urge individuals to prepare for careers right from high school, and train for the job interview process. Once on the job, some organizations are being more considerate to needs of individuals with ASD by offering visual instructions and the option of working in an environment that is suitable to their sensory preferences, among other measures.
Adult Employment: Strangers in a Strange Land
Today's 20-somethings with autism often feel like strangers among their own species when they leave the legal protections afforded schoolchildren to enter the adult world of limited support services, long waiting lists, and scant funding. Those who become accomplished sometimes look back on their experiences to reflect on their sense of alienation in a society that doesn't look favorably on those who don't blend in easily. Find out what the researchers have learned about the transition.
Dr Teresa Bolick's recommended reading from OAR:
- Hendricks D. R. (2010) Employment and adults with autism spectrum disorders: Challenges and strategies for success. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation. 32(2), pp. 125-134. Read Abstract(New Window)
- Hendricks D. R. Wehman P. (2009) Transition from school to adulthood for youth with autism spectrum disorders: Review and recommendations. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. 24(2), pp. 77-88 Read Abstract (New Window)
- Holwerda A. et al. (2012) Predictors for work participation in individuals with an autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. 22(3), pp. 333-352. Read Abstract (New Window)
- Migliore A. et al. (Epub) Trends in vocational rehabilitation services and outcomes of youth with autism: 2006-2010. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin. Read Abstract (New Window)
- Müller E. et al. (2003) Vocational supports for individuals with Asperger syndrome: Meeting the vocational support needs of individuals with Asperger syndrome and other autism spectrum disabilities. . Oakland, CA: Autastics Read Full (New Window)
- Nicholas D. B. et al. (Epub) Vocational support approaches in autism spectrum disorder: A synthesis review of the literature. Autism. Read Abstract (New Window)
- Palmen A. et al. (2012) A systematic review of behavioral intervention research on adaptive skill building in high-functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 6(2), Read Abstract (New Window)
- Richards J. (2012) Examining the exclusion of employees with Asperger syndrome from the workplace. Personnel Review. 41(5), pp. 630-646. Read Abstract (New Window)
- Roux A. M. et al. (2013) Postsecondary employment experiences among young adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 52(9), pp. 931-939. Read Abstract (New Window)
- Schall C. et al. (2012) Transition from school to work for students with autism spectrum disorders: understanding the process and achieving better outcomes. Pediatric Clinics of North America. 59(1), Read Abstract (New Window)
- Shattuck P. T. et al. (2012) Postsecondary education and employment among youth with an autism spectrum disorder. Pediatrics. 129(6), pp. 1042-1049 Read Abstract (New Window) Read Full (New Window)
- Taylor J. L. et al. (2012) A systematic review of vocational interventions for young adults with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 130(3), pp. 531-538. Read Abstract (New Window) Read Full (New Window)
- Taylor J. L. et al. (Epub) Engagement in vocational activities promotes behavioral development for adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Read Abstract (New Window)
- Wilczynski S. M. et al. (2013) Improving employment outcomes among adolescents and adults on the autism spectrum. Psychology in the Schools. 50(9), Read Abstract (New Window)